Tuesday, May 6, 2008


A component (protein) from the serum of animal blood

Derived from whale

Arachidonic acid
Derived from liver, brain, animal origin gland or oil

Derived from aronia arbutifolia; used as a taste expander in jelly, pudding, powdered deserts, yoghurt, milk deserts, creams, homogenised cheeses, confectionery products, crispy cakes, fruit creams, ice-creams and instant beverages

Aspartic acid
Derived from aspartame (see E951)

Derived from oil

Colourless crystalline growth vitamin of the vitamin B complex found especially in yeast, liver, and egg yolk; no side effects are known, it is being tested

An alkaloid that exists naturally in tea, kola nut and coffee; clearly toxic in high doses, can cause heart palpitations, high blood pressure, vomiting, convulsions, headache, diarrhoea, frequent urination, dehydration, insomnia, stomach cramps, hand tremors, muscle twitches; acts as laxative, also saps the body's supply of calcium; used as a mild stimulant in moderation

Phosphoprotein of milk, which has a molecular structure that is extremely similar to that of gluten; celiac people have to avoid

Derived from cattle liver

Spice made from bark; may be allergic

Citrus Red No.2
Cancer in animals; used for dying skins of oranges

Derived from cat

Clove Bud Oil
Natural essential oil steamed-distilled from clove buds (syzygium atmaticum); may be allergic

Colin bitartrate
Animal origin tissue

Produced through a fermentation process that begins with dextrose (a simple sugar derived from corn starch), also derived from calf stomach; used as a sweetener for beverages and confectionery products

Ethyl Vanillin
A perfumed artificial vanilla flavouring, it is 3 1/2 times more powerful than the real thing and cheaper too, this explains why manufacturers like to use it in soft drinks, ice creams and baked goods; generally recognized as safe

Evans Blue CI Direct Blue 53
Contact dermatitis

FD&C Green No.3 Fast Green
Bladder tumours

FD&C Red No.102 New Coccine
It is an allergen; not permitted to use for foods

FD&C Yellow No.11
Contact dermatitis

This carbohydrate and simple sugar (monosaccharide) occurs naturally in honey and fresh fruits; commercial bakers use it in cakes, breads and cookies to make them brown better

Gentian Violet CI Basic Violet No.3
Contact dermatitis

Glucuronolactone, Glucuronic acid
A naturally occurring substance in the body, made in the liver from glucose, helps to stimulate the metabolism and thus helps to detoxify the body; also occurs in plants, mainly in gums; also an important constituent of fibrous and connective tissues in all animals

Components of fats; used to stabilize sausages, lard, vegetable oils, margarines and shortenings, the most widely used of them is monoglyceride citrate, although the FDA* imposes strict limits

Wheat is the first consideration; it is a major ingredient in breads, rolls, pastry, cakes, cookies and most baked products; noodles macaroni and spaghetti are typically made with wheat; celiac people have to avoid

Has been used for decades in compounded products as an expectorant

Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (HVP)
Cereal gluten; glutens are proteins found in the plant kingdom subclass of monocotyledonae (monocots); these plants are members of the grass family of wheat, oat, barley, rye and triticale and their derivatives, (derivatives include: malt, grain starches, hydrolysed vegetable/plant proteins, textured vegetable proteins, grain vinegars, soy sauce, grain alcohol, flavourings and the binders and fillers found in vitamins and medications.); celiac people have to avoid, celiac disease (also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy) is a chronic disease in which malabsorption of nutrients is caused by a characteristic lesion of the small intestine mucosa; used in smallgoods, packaged convenience foods, gravies and many canned products. It is also present in excipients in pharmaceutical preparations, particularly vitamin and mineral supplements

Hydrolyzed Plant Protein (HPP)
Same as HVP

Derived from nail or hair

Same as erythritol

Maltodextrin, Mdltrin
Natural, complex carbohydrate, it is not a simple sugar (dextrose, fructose, sucrose etc.); can be derived from potato or corn starch; used in food industry such as sweets, drink, bear, ice cream, preserved fruit, milk powder, malted mild, cake, biscuit and bread, as well as in medicine, textile, printing and dyeing, paper making, casting and petroleum drilling; generally recognized as safe

Crystalline alcohol that occurs especially in mint oils, has the sharp fragrance and cooling properties of peppermint; may be allergic

Derived from protein

Neutral Red
Contact dermatitis

Nucleıc acid
Derived from cells

Cheese yeast derived from calf stomach

Phenylalanine, Phenylanine
Essential amino acid; the body uses it to produce some hormones (epinephrine, norepinephrine, thyroxine, cholecystokinin) and melanin, (a brown skin pigment); cholecystokinin causes suppression of the appetite (this may be useful to sports people who need to reduce body fat or maintain a certain weight); pain relieving effects of phenylalanine may be of use to athletic people who experience pain due to muscle, ligament, joint and tendon injury, inflammation and spasms which commonly result from intense exercise

Decongestant which helps relieve nasal congestion; used in pharmacy; side effects are nausea, stomach upset, loss of appetite, nervousness, restlessness, dizziness, headache, chest pain, rapid heart rate, anxiety, fear, difficult or painful urination and sleeplessness

Cheese yeast

PolyVinylPolyPyrrolidone, PVPP
White powder added to beer for removing phenolic compounds, then beer is clear and has long shelf life

Salt of salicylic acid; used in candies, pies, soft drinks and sweet rolls

Quinine dihydrochloride, Quinine sulfate
Toxic alkaloid extracted from the bark of chinchona tree; used as flavourings in carbonated beverages (primarily bitter lemon and tonic water), bitters and as a treatment for malaria; side effects are headache, nausea, ringing in the ears and blurred vision; FDA strictly limits the amounts of it that can be used

Nonessential amino acid; produced by synthesis of the amino acids methionine and cysteine in the liver, vitamin B6 helps the process; diabetic and hypoglycaemic patients should use taurine under medical supervision as it may have an effect on insulin activity, excessive consumption of taurine may result in diarrhoea and peptic ulcer formation

A source of vitamin B1; functions as a coenzyme in energy metabolism, keeps appetite, digestive tract and nervous system healthy; adverse effects in high doses are headache, irritability, rapid pulse, trembling and weakness

Very effective preservative that contains mercury and has been used in some vaccines and other products; FDA* estimates that it is used in more than 30 licensed vaccines and biologics; mercury is excreted from the body over time; nervous system is very sensitive to all forms of mercury, methyl mercury and metal vapours are more harmful than other forms, exposure to high levels of metallic, inorganic or organic mercury can permanently damage the brain, kidneys and developing foetus, effects on brain functioning may result in irritability, shyness, tremors, changes in vision or hearing and memory problems

High-protein derived from wood sugars as a by-product of the pulping process in paper making; type S is used in baby food and cereals, type F is used in feed supplements for cattle, fish and chickens; allergen for hay fever and asthma

Essential element for humans; naturally occurs in meat (especially liver), fish (especially shellfish), lentils, green leafy vegetables, whole cereals (including wheat germ), brewer's yeast, cheese, milk, nuts, sunflower and sesame seeds; toxic doses of zinc cause vomiting, diarrhoea, restlessness, stomach irritation, depressed immune function and anaemia; excessive zinc doses may decrease the level of HDL ("good") cholesterol and increase the risk for heart disease

Codes Compounds name and synonyms

E100 Curcumin , Turmeric (Curcuma longa) - E101 Riboflavin , Lactoflavin , Vitamin B12 - E101a Riboflavin-5-phosphate - E102 Tartrazine, FD and C yellow FCF - E103 Chrysoine resorcinol - E104 Quinoline yellow - E105 Fast yellow AB - E110 Sunset yellow FCF , FD and C yellow 6 - E111 Orange GGN - E120 Carminic acid , Carmine of cochineal - E121 Orcein, orchil and orecein - E122 Azorubine , Carmoisine - E123 Amaranth , FD and C red 2 - E124 Ponceau 4R , Cochineal Red A , Brilliant scarlet 4R - E125 Scarlet GN "specially pure" - E126 Ponceau 6R - E127 Erythrosin , FD and C Red 3 - E128 Red 2 g - E129 Allura red AC , 6-hydroxy-5[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulphopheynyl)-azo]-2-napthalensulphon acid - E130 Indanthrene blue RS - E131 Patent blue V - E132 Indigotine , Indigo carmine , FD and C blue 2 - E133 Brilliant blue FCF - E140 Chlorophyll A , Chlorophyll B - E140ii Chlorophyllin - E141 Chlorophyll copper complex , Chlorophyllin copper complex - E142 Green S , Food green S , Acid brilliant Green , Wool green BS, Lissamine green - E150 Caramel - E150a Plain caramel, caustic caramel, spirit caramel - E150b Sulphite caramel - E150c Ammonia caramel, beer caramel - E150d Ammonia sulphite caramel, soft-drink caramel - E151 Brilliant black PN - E152 Black 7984 - E153 Carbon black , Vegetable carbon - E154 Brown FK - E155 Brown HT - E160 Carotenes - E160a Carotenes (alpha, beta, gamma) - E160a i Mixed Carotenes - E160a ii Beta carotene - E160b Annatto extracts , Norbixin - E160c Capsanthin , Capsorubin , Papric extract - E160d Lycopene - E160e beta-apo-8'-carotenal - E160f beta-apo-8-carotenoic acid ethyl ester - E161 Xanthophylls - E161a Xanthophylls - E161b Bixin , Lutein - E161c Cryptoxanthin - E161d Rubixanthin - E161e Violoxanthin - E161f Rhodoxanthin - E161g Canthaxanthin - E162 Betanin , Beetroot red - E163 Anthocyanin , Malvidin , Pelargonidin , Peonidin , Petudinin - E170 Calcium carbonate - E171 Titanium dioxide - E172 Iron oxides (black, red or yellow) , Iron hydroxides - E173 Aluminium - E174 Silver - E175 Gold - E180 Lithol rubine BK , Rubine

E200 Sorbic acid - E201 Sodium sorbate - E202 Potassium sorbate - E203 Calcium sorbate - E210 Benzoic acid - E211 Sodium benzoate - E212 Potassium benzoate - E213 Calcium benzoate - E214 Ethyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate , Ethyl-hydroxy-benzoate - E215 Ethyl-(p)-hydroxy-benzoate sodium salt - E216 Propyl-(p)-hydroxy-benzoate , Propybaraben - E217 Propyl-(p)-hydroxy-benzoate sodium salt - E218 Methyl-(p)-hydroxy benzoate , Methylparaben - E219 Methyl-(p)-hydroxy benzoate sodium salt - E220 Sulphur dioxide - E221 Sodium sulphite - E222 Sodium bisulphite , Sodium hydrogen sulphite - E223 Sodium metabisulphite - E224 Potassium metabisulphite , Potassium pyrosulphite - E225 Potassium sulphite or bisulphite - E226 Calcium sulphite - E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite , Calcium bisulphite - E228 Potassium bisulphite - E230 Biphenyl - E231 2-hydroxybiphenil , OrthoPhenylphenol - E232 Sodium biphenyl-2-yl-oxide , Sodium orthoPhenylphenate - E233 Thiabendazole - E234 Nisin - E235 Pimaracin , Natamycin - E236 Formic acid - E237 Sodium formate - E238 Calcium formate - E239 exametahylenetetramine , Hexamine - E240 Formaldehyde - E242 Dimethyldicarbonate - E249 Potassium nitrite - E250 Sodium nitrite - E251 Sodium nitrate - E252 Potassium nitrate , Saltpetre - E260 Acetic acid - E261 Potassium acetate - E262 Sodium acetate , Sodium hydrogen - E263 Calcium acetate - E270 Lactic acid - E280 Propionic acid - E281 Sodium propionate - E282 Calcium propionate - E283 Potassium propionate - E284 Boric acid - E285 Natriumtetraborate - E290 Carbon dioxide - E296 Malic acid - E297 Fumaric acid

E300 Ascorbyl acid (vitamin C) - E301 Sodium L-ascorbate - E302 Calcium L-ascorbate - E303 Potassium ascorbate - E304 6-0-palmitoyl-L-ascorbic acid , Ascorbyl palmitate - E306 Extracts of natural origin rich in tocopherols (Vitamin E) - E307 synthetic alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) - E308 synthetic beta-tocopherol (vitamin E) - E309 synthetic delta-tocopherol (vitamin E) - E310 Propyl gallate - E311 Octyl gallate - E312 Dodecyl gallate - E315 Isoascorbic acid - E316 Sodium isoascorbate - E320 BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) - E321 BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) - E322 Lecithin

E325 Sodium lactate - E326 Potassium lactate - E327 Calcium lactate - E328 Potassium lactate - E329 Magnesium lactate - E330 Citric acid - E331 monoSodium citrate , Disodium citrate , triSodium citrate , Sodium dihydrogen citrate - E332 Potassium citrates - E333 diCalcium citrate , monoCalcium citrate , triCalcium citrate - E334 L(+)tartaric acid - E335 diSodium (L+)tartrate , monoSodium (L+)tartrate - E336 Cream of tartar - Mono or di potassium tratrate - E336i Potassium hydrogen tartrate - E336ii diPotassium (L+)tartrate , monoPotassium (L+)tartrate - E337 Potassium sodium DL-tatrate , Potassium sodium (L+)tartrate - E338 Orthophosphoric acid - E339(a)-E339i Sodium dihydrogen ortophosphate - E339(b)-E339ii Disodium hydrogen orthophosphate - E339(c)-E339iii Trisodium orthophosphate - E340(a)-E340i Potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate - E340(b)-E340ii Dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate - E340(c)-E340iii Tripotassium orthophosphate - E341(a)-E341i Calcium tetrahydrogen diorthophosphate - E341(b)-E341ii Calcium hydrogen orthophosphate - E341(c)-E341iii Tricalcium diorthophosphate - E350 Sodium malate - E351 Potassium malate - E352 Calcium malate - E353 Metatartraric acid - E354 Calcium tartrate - E355 Adipic acid - E356 Sodium adipate - E357 Other adipate salts - E363 Succinic acid - E380 Triammoniumcitrate - E385 Calcium disodium methylendiamintetracetate

E400 Alginic acid - E401 Sodium alginate - E402 Potassium alginate - E403 Ammonium alginate , Potassium polymannuronate - E404 Calcium alginate - E405 Propylene glycol alginate , Alginate ester , Propane-1,2-diol alginate - E406 Agar , Japanese isinglass - E407 Carrageenan - E407a Processed Euchema algae - E408 Furcellaran - E410 Carob bean gum , Locust bean gum - E412 Guar gum - E413 Tragacanth gum - E414 Arabic gum , Acacia - E415 Xantham gum - E416 Karaya gum - E417 Meal of Tara seeds (Caesalpinia spinosa) - E418 Gellan gum - E420(i) Sorbitol - E420(ii) Sorbitol syrup - E421 Mannitol - E422 Glycerol - E431 Polyxyethylen(40)stearate - E432 Polysorbate 20 - E433 Polysorbate 80 - E434 Polysorbate 40 - E435 Polysorbate 60 - E436 Polysorbate 65 - E440(a) Pectin not amidated , Potassium pectate , Sodium pectate - E440(b) Amidated (?) pectin - E442 Ammoniumphosphatide - E444 Sucroseacetateisobutyrate - E445 Glycerinester of root resin - E450(i) disodium diphosphate - E450(ii) trisodium diphosphate - E450(iii) tetrasodium diphosphate - E450(iv) dipotassium diphosphate - E450(v) tetrapotassium diphosphate - E450(vi) dicalcium diphosphate - E450(vii) calcium dihydrogendiphosphate - E451i Pentasodium triphosphate - E451i Pentapotassium triphosphate - E452 Polyphosphate - E460(i) Cellulose, microcrystalline - E460(ii) Cellulose, powdered - E461 Methylcellulose , Cologel , Methocel - E462 Ethyl cellulose - E463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose - E464 Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose , Hydroxypropyl cellulose - E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose - E466 Carboxymetil cellulose, sodium salt - E470a Potassium or sodium or calcium salts of fatty acids - E470b Magnesium salts of fatty acids - E471 Mono- and di- glycerides of fatty acids - E472(a) Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol - E472(b) Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol - E472(c) Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol - E472(d) Tartaric and fatty acid esters of glylcerol - E472(e) Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol - E472(f) Mixed tartaric- and acetic- acid esters of glycerol - E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids , Sucrose acetate isobutyrate - E474 Sucroglycerides - E475 Polyglycerol ester of fatty acids - E476 Polyglycerine polyricinoleate - E477 Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids , Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids - E479 Thermo oxidized soja oil mono- diglycerides - E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate - E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate - E483 Stearyl tartrate - E491 Sorbitanmonostearate - E492 Sorbitantristearate - E493 Sorbitanmonolaurate - E494 Sorbitanmonooleate - E495 Sorbitanmonopalmitate

E500i Sodium carbonate - E500ii Sodium hydrogencarbonate - E500iii Sodium sesquicarbonate - E501i Potassium carbonate - E501ii Potassium hydrogencarbonate - E503i Ammonium carbonate - E503ii Ammonium hydrogencarbonate - E504i Magnesium carbonate - E504ii Magnesium hydrogencarbonate - E507 Hydrochloric acid - E508 Potassium chloride - E509 Calcium chloride - E510 Ammonium chloride - E511 Magnesium chloride - E512 Tin 2-chloride - E513 Sulphur acid - E514i Sodium sulphate - E514ii Sodium hydrogensulphate - E515i Potassium sulphate - E515ii Potassium hydrogensulphate - E516 Calcium sulphate (gypsum) - E517 Ammonium sulphate - E520 Aluminium sulphate - E521 Aluminium sodium sulphate - E522 Aluminium potassium sulphate (alaun) - E523 Aluminium ammonium sulphate (alaun) - E524 Sodium hydroxide - E525 Potassium hydroxide - E526 Calcium hydroxide - E527 Ammonium hydroxide - E528 Magnesium hydroxide - E529 Calcium oxide - E530 Magnesium oxide (Magnesia) - E535 Sodiumferrocyanide - E536 Potassiumferrocyanide - E538 Calciumferrocyanide - E540 Calcium diphosphate - E541 Acid Sodium Aluminium Phosphate - E551 Silicium dioxide - E552 Calcium silicate - E553a Magnesium silicate, Magnesiumtrisilicate - E553b Talcum - E554 Natrium aluminium silicate - E555 Potassium aluminium silicate - E556 Calcium aluminium silicate - E558 Bentonite - E559 Aluminium silicate - E570 Fat acids - E574 Gluconic acid, gluconate - E575 Glucon-delta-lactone - E576 Sodium gluconate - E577 Potassium gluconate - E578 Calcium gluconate - E579 Iron-2-gluconate - E585 Iron-2-lactate - E620 Glutaminic acid, glutamate - E621 Sodium glutamate - E622 Potassium glutamate - E623 Calcium glutamate - E624 Ammonium glutamate - E625 Magnesium glutamate - E626 Guanylic acid - E627 Natrium guanylate - E628 Potassium guanylate - E629 Calcium guanylate - E630 Inosinic acid, Inosinate - E631 Sodium inosinate - E632 Potassium inosinate - E633 Calcium inosinate - E634 Calcium 5`-ribonucleotide - E635 Natrium 5`-ribonucleotide - E636 Maltol - E637 Ethylmaltol - E640 Glycine and its sodium salts - E900 Dimethylpolysiloxane - E901 Beeswax white and yellow - E902 Candelilla wax - E903 Carnauba wax - E904 Schellac - E912 Montan ester - E914 Polyethylen waxoxidate - E920 L-Cysteine - E927 Carbamide - E938 Argon - E939 Helium - E941 Nitrogen - E942 Dinitrogen monoxide - E948 Oxygen - E950 Acesulfame K - E951 Aspartame - E952 Cyclamate - E953 Isomalt - E954 Saccharine - E957 Thaumatine - E959 Neohesperidine DC - E965i Maltite - E965ii Maltite syrup - E966 Lactite - E967 Xylit - E999 Quillaja extract

E1100 Amylases - E1101 Proteases - E1102 Glucose oxidases - E1103 Invertase - E1105 Lysozyme - E1200 Polydextrose - E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidine - E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidine - E1404 Oxydized starch - E1410 Monostarch phosphate - E1412 Distarch phosphate - E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate - E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate - E1420 Acetylated starch - E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate - E1440 Hydroxypropyl starch - E1442 Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate - E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate - E1505 Triethyl citrate - E1518 Glyceryl triacetate, Triacetin

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